Staying Healthy During Pregnancy: 7 Essential Self-Care Strategies for a Happy, Healthy Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a unique and transformative experience, and it’s important to prioritize self-care during this time to support your health and the health of your growing baby. By taking care of yourself physically, mentally, and emotionally, you can set the foundation for a happy and healthy pregnancy. 

This article will explore seven essential self-care strategies that can help you stay healthy and feel your best during pregnancy.

From eating a balanced diet to managing stress and anxiety, these strategies are designed to support your well-being throughout pregnancy.

Whether you’re a first-time parent or an experienced pro, these self-care tips can help you navigate the joys and challenges of pregnancy with confidence and ease.

Staying Healthy During Pregnancy

1. Eat a Healthy, Balanced Diet

Eating a healthy, balanced diet during pregnancy is essential for the health of both you and your growing baby.

During the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, pregnant women require an additional approximately 300 calories per day, as the American Pregnancy Association recommends. 

In addition, experts suggest consuming 75 to 100 grams of protein per day, as it positively impacts fetal tissue growth, including the brain.

Protein is also beneficial for the growth of breast and uterine tissue during pregnancy, and it aids in increasing blood supply in the body.

Therefore, focusing on nutrient-filled foods like healthy fats, lean proteins, whole grains, vegetables, and fruits is important to ensure you get all the vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients you need.

During pregnancy, it is crucial to steer clear of specific foods, including unpasteurized dairy products, fish with high levels of mercury, and undercooked or raw meat. If you have specific dietary restrictions or concerns, working with a registered dietitian may be helpful to ensure that you’re meeting your nutritional needs during pregnancy. A healthy, balanced diet can help support a happy and healthy pregnancy.

2. Consult a Midwife

A midwife is a healthcare provider who specializes in providing prenatal care and support throughout pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum. In addition, they can provide personalized guidance on everything from healthy eating to managing pregnancy-related discomfort.

Some midwives even offer online services, which can be convenient for busy expectant parents. If you have any concerns or questions about your pregnancy, it’s a good idea to consult with a midwife online to ensure you receive the care and support you need.

A midwife can collaborate with your OB-GYN or other healthcare providers to help ensure you have a safe and healthy pregnancy. If you’re interested in working with a midwife, be sure to do your research to find a qualified and experienced provider who can support your unique needs and preferences.

3. Exercise Regularly

Remaining physically active while pregnant can be beneficial in numerous ways, such as helping to sustain a healthy weight, decreasing the likelihood of gestational diabetes and hypertension, and enhancing both mood and sleep quality.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that expectant mothers engage in a minimum of 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise each week. Examples of suitable activities include gardening and brisk walking.

This 150 minutes of exercise can be divided into 30-minute workouts five days a week or smaller 10-minute workouts throughout the day.

It’s important to listen to your body and avoid overexertion or activities with a high risk of injury, such as contact sports or high-impact aerobics.

Before commencing a new exercise regimen, it may be beneficial to seek advice from your healthcare provider, particularly if you are new to exercising or have particular health issues.

4. Get Enough Rest and Sleep

During pregnancy, it’s crucial to prioritize rest and sleep. Your body is working hard to nourish and support the growth of your developing baby, which can leave you feeling fatigued. 

Adequate sleep is a crucial factor for maintaining optimal physical and mental well-being during pregnancy. HealthLine suggests that pregnant women should aim to get 7-9 hours of sleep each night. Here are some suggestions for enhancing the quality of your sleep while pregnant:

  • Establish a consistent sleep routine: Make an effort to go to bed and wake up at the same time every day, including on weekends.
  • Establish a cozy sleeping environment: Ensure that your bedroom is cool, dark, and quiet. Consider utilizing a pregnancy pillow to provide support to your changing body.
  • Avoid stimulating activities before bedtime: Avoid screen time, stimulating conversations, or intense exercise before bed.
  • Practice relaxation techniques: Consider meditation, deep breathing, or prenatal yoga to help you relax and unwind before sleep.

5. Manage Stress and Anxiety

Chronic stress during pregnancy has been linked to preterm labor, low birth weight, and an increased risk of postpartum depression. Here are some strategies for managing stress and anxiety during pregnancy:

  • Practice relaxation techniques: Consider meditation, deep breathing, or prenatal yoga to help you relax and unwind.
  • Stay active: Regular exercise has been shown to help reduce stress and anxiety during pregnancy.
  • Connect with others: Join a prenatal class or support group to connect with other expectant mothers. Talking to others who are going through similar experiences can be comforting and supportive.
  • Get enough rest and sleep: Prioritizing rest and sleep can help you feel refreshed and better equipped to manage stress.

Remember, self-care is not selfish. It’s essential.

6. Avoid Harmful Substances

During pregnancy, avoiding substances that can harm you and your baby is essential. It is recommended to avoid the following substances:

  • Alcohol: It is not considered safe to consume any amount of alcohol during pregnancy. Doing so may result in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), which can cause physical, behavioral, and intellectual impairments in the child.
  • Tobacco: Smoking while pregnant can result in premature birth, low birth weight, and other complications. Even exposure to secondhand smoke can be harmful to both you and your baby, so it is best to avoid being around smokers.
  • Illicit drugs: Illegal drugs, such as cocaine, heroin, and marijuana, can have serious negative effects on fetal development and can cause lifelong problems.
  • Caffeine: It is generally considered safe to consume small amounts of caffeine while pregnant, but it is important to restrict your intake to 200 milligrams per day, which is approximately equivalent to one 12-ounce cup of coffee.
  • Certain medications: Some medications, including over-the-counter ones, can be harmful during pregnancy. Consult with your healthcare provider regarding any medication you are presently taking or contemplating taking while pregnant.

Refraining from harmful substances during pregnancy is critical in ensuring a healthy pregnancy and baby. If you are struggling with addiction or have questions about specific substances, talk to your healthcare provider or a midwife online for additional support and resources.

7. Attend All Scheduled Appointments

Regular prenatal visits are critical for monitoring your health and the health of your growing baby. During these appointments, your healthcare provider will track your weight, blood pressure, and uterus size to ensure that everything is progressing normally.

They will also perform routine tests, such as blood and ultrasounds, to check for potential complications or issues.

Attending all scheduled appointments can also help identify potential problems early, allowing prompt treatment and management.

WebMD states that your doctor will recommend a schedule of prenatal visits to ensure a healthy pregnancy.

Generally, during weeks 4 to 28, one prenatal visit a month is recommended. While scheduling a prenatal visit every other week from week 28 through week 36 and one prenatal visit every week from weeks 36 to 40. 

Nevertheless, if you have a high-risk pregnancy or are expecting twins, your physician may recommend more frequent prenatal appointments.

Prioritizing Your Well-Being During Pregnancy

Staying healthy during pregnancy is crucial for the well-being of both the mother and the growing baby. Following the seven essential self-care strategies discussed in this article can help ensure a happy and healthy pregnancy term.

Remember to eat a healthy, balanced diet, exercise regularly, get enough rest and sleep, manage stress and anxiety, avoid harmful substances, attend all scheduled appointments, and consult a midwife if required.

These strategies can help you navigate pregnancy challenges and prepare for motherhood’s joys. Always remember to prioritize your health and the health of your baby.

Julie Higgins
Julie is a Staff Writer at She has been working in publishing houses before joining the editorial team at momooze. Julie's love and passion are topics around beauty, lifestyle, hair and nails.